Alessandro Nuvolari is Professor of Economic History and Director of the Institute of Economics at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna. He is a research fellow of CEPR (Centre for Economic Policy Research). He was educated at Bocconi University, Milan, Italy and at Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands, where he received a PhD in Economics. His main research field is the study of the role played by science and technology in the emergence and consolidation of modern economic growth with a particular focus on the Industrial Revolution in England and the early industrialization of Italy. He has also studied the connection between intellectual property rights and inventive and creative activities both in historical and contemporary contexts. His research papers have been published in a wide range of journals including: Economic History Review, Technology and Culture, Industrial and Corporate Change, Explorations in Economic History, Journal of Economic History, Business History Review, Research Policy, Industry & Innovation, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Transactions of the Newcomen Society.